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Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Life,Biography,jayanti,Books




Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was a great figure in the history of India. His full name is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. Those people mostly know by the name of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar. This great man taught society a new lesson. Worked as a social reformer to eradicate untouchability and high-handedness prevalent in society. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a social reformer, economist, politician and a multi-legal scholar. Due to the direction that Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar showed to the society, people remember him with great love. Babasaheb Ambedkar is situated in the hearts of all people. They belonged to a caste which was considered very low at that time. The caste from which Bhimrao Ambedkar belonged was called untouchable at that time. People had to suffer discrimination. Inspired by this, Dr Ambedkar launched agitations to eradicate untouchability, hegemony and caste discrimination from the society. Thus Bhimrao Ambedkar inspired many Dalit-Buddhist movements. He carried out many campaigns against social discrimination from untouchables and Dalits. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar raised his voice against discrimination in the society with workers, women and farmers. He supported the rights of workers and peasants and also got those rights granted.


Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar was a student of immense talent. Along with being a social reformer, he was also an economist, political and legalist. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar received his doctorate degree in economics. He also did many research work in economics, political science and law. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was also a lawyer. He also advocated for many political parties and social freedom. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar entered the first grade in 1900. Being a low caste, they had to suffer discrimination and slavery right from the beginning. He completed his early education from Satara at Government High School at Rajwada Chowk. After his early education, Babasaheb Ambedkar moved to Mumbai. So he did his secondary education at Government High School, located on 
Elphinstone road in Mumbai. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar studied economics from Columbia University. He was a professor of economics in his professional life after graduation. He also did Vakalat in the beginning. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar's life was spent on political activities and social-reform campaigns. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar started attending the campaigns and meetings for the independence of India. Many journalists were published by him. He advocated for social freedom for the Dalits and also gave them their rights.


He embraced Buddhism in 1956 against some of the orthodox policies prevalent in Hinduism. Despite his campaigns, social reformist movement, untouchability (untouchability) continued among the people of Hinduism. Because of this, he felt that all his hard work and efforts failed, due to which he embraced Buddhism. At the time of Bhimrao Ambedkar, his caste was considered untouchable. They belonged to a caste which people did not even drink water at that time. But today, people around the world remember him with great respect due to his constant efforts and auspicious thoughts. Dr. 

Ambedkar showed people a new mirror. He contributed significantly to the making of India. The creator of the Indian Constitution is also Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar's birthday is celebrated worldwide on 14 April as Ambedkar Jayanti. 1990 Bhimrao Ambedkar was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar has also been the first Law and Justice Minister of independent India. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the father of the constitution of independent India and the creator of the Republic of India.


Early life of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was born during British rule. At that time India was under British rule. Doctor Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891. He was a great 19th-century man. He was born in the cantonment of Mahu Nagar in the province of India (now Madhya Pradesh). His childhood name was Bhiva. He was born in a caste which was considered untouchable at that time. Due to this social discrimination and untouchability, Bhimrao had to bear discrimination. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar belonged to the Hindu Mahar caste, which at that time was considered to be downgraded. His father Ramji Sakpal got his son enrolled in the government school of Satara on 7 November 1900. In school, he got his son's name Bhiwa Ramji Ambedwekar written. His father, instead of writing Sakpal as his original surname, got Ambedvekar written. The word Ambadvekar was related to his village of Adambe. Later, one of his Brahmin teachers Krishna Mahadev changed his surname to Ambedvekar to Ambedkar. Krishna Mahadev also loved Bhimrao Ji very much. Since then, he is known as Ambedkar. He received his early education in his city. When he was 15 years old, he was married to a 9-year-old girl. That Ambedkarji was studying in the fifth grade. Child marriage was also prevalent in India at that time and there was no restriction.


Personal life of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar is known worldwide as a social reformer and the father of the Indian Constitution. He was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. He enrolled in the first class in 1900. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was rich in immense talent. He graduated in economics, politics and law. He had a doctorate in economics. He married twice in his life. He first married Ramabai at the age of 15 in 1906. He married secondly in 1948 with Dr Savita Ambedkar. His childhood name was Bhiva. They are also called Babasaheb Ambedkar. He worked on behalf of many political parties. He has been a member of the Scheduled Caste Federation, the Independent Labor Party and the Indian Republic Party. He received his B.A. from the University of Mumbai. Studied MA, Went to Columbia for a PhD and LLB degree. He received these degrees from Columbia University. After graduation, he practised as a lawyer. He has also been a professor and political. He has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna. He has been a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1952 to 1956. Dr Ambedkar has also been India's first Law and Justice Minister. He has also been a member of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constituent Assembly. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956.


Family of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

He was born in Mhow city of Madhya Pradesh state of India. It was here that he received his early education. After this, his family moved to Mumbai in 1897. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar's father's name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal and mother's name was Bhimabai. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was the fourteenth child of Ramji Sakpal and Bhimabai. Ambedkar's family was a family of Kabir Panth. His family was of Marathi origin. His family lived in Ambadeve village in Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra. Babaji Saheb Ambedkar's father Ramji Sakpal served in the Indian Army. His father worked here and rose to the rank of Subedar. Bhimrao Ambedkar's ancestors were associated with the British East India Company for a long time. His family belonged to the 'Hindu Mahar' caste, which was considered an untouchable caste at the time.


Wife and children of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

 Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar married twice in his life. He first married Ramabai Ambedkar in 1906. At that time, Bhimrao Ambedkar used to study in the fifth grade. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar married 9-year-old Ramabai at the age of 15. His second marriage took place in 1948 with Doctor Savita Ambedkar. He married the second due to the demise of the first wife. His first wife Ramabai Ambedkar died in 1935. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar has only one son, who was born to his first wife Ramabai Ambedkar. His son's name is Yashwant.


Education of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was a student of immense talent. He got his early education at Government High School in Satara city. The current name of this school is Pratap Singh High School. He enrolled in the first class of English on 7 November 1900. For this reason, November 7 is celebrated as Vidyarthi Divas in Maharashtra. Thus began his academic life from this day itself. When he passed the fourth grade it was celebrated as a public ceremony among the untouchables (Dalits). Because it was an unusual thing among the untouchables. On this occasion, his grandfather Keluskar gave him a biography of the Buddha, written by himself. Ambedkarji was influenced by Buddhism by reading this biography. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his secondary education at Government School located on Elphinstone Road in Mumbai. In 1907, Ambedkar passed the matriculation examination. After this, he entered college.


Graduate Education: -

After passing the matriculation examination in 1907, he took admission in the college the following year. He attended Ellipiston College, which belonged to the University of Mumbai. In 1912, he obtained a BA degree in Economics and Political Science from the University of Mumbai. Doctor Bhimrao Ambedkar was the first person in his community to receive education up to this level.

Postgraduate education:-

Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his postgraduate studies in America and London, he did his postgraduate studies twice.


Postgraduate from Columbia University: -

After completing his graduation in 1912, Ambedkar went to the United States in 1913. Where he had the opportunity to pursue post-graduation as a scholarship from Columbia University. He took M.A. in June 1915 Passed the examination. In M.A. Economics was his major subject. He did his first research work on the topic of Asian Indian Commerce. The second research work he did was for the National Dividend of India - A Historic and An Literary Study. He did his third research work for the Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India. He received his PhD in economics. He presented a research paper at the seminar of anthropologist Alexander Goldenwicer.


Postgraduate from London School of Economics: -

In 1916 Bhimrao Ambedkar moved to London and studied post-graduation at the London School of Economics. He attended the barrister course at Gray's Inn and the London School of Economics there. Here he worked on his doctoral thesis. Thus he joined D.S.C. in Economics in 1923. (Doctor of Science). He earned a third doctoral degree L.L.D. In 1952 from Columbia University. In 1953, he received his doctorate from Osmania in D.Litt.


Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti: -

Dr Babasaheb celebrates the birth anniversary of Bhimrao Ambedkar on 14 April 1891 as Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti. Every year on the 14th of April, Bhimrao is celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti all over the world.





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