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Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Life,Biography,jayanti,Books

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar ( Social Reformer, Economist & Politician)



Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a great figure in the history of India. His full name is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, who people mostly know by the name of Babasaheb Ambedkar. This great man taught a new lesson to the society and worked as a social reformer to eradicate untouchability and high-pitchedness in the society. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a social reformer, economist, politician and a multi-legal scholar. Dr. People remember him fondly because of the direction Bhimrao Ambedkar showed to the society. Babasaheb Ambedkar is situated in the hearts of all people. They belonged to a caste which was considered very low at that time. The caste from which Bhimrao Ambedkar was called untouchable at that time, people had to suffer discrimination. Inspired by this, Dr. Ambedkar started a movement to eradicate untouchability, hegemony and caste discrimination from the society. Thus Bhimrao Ambedkar inspired many Dalit-Buddhist movements. He campaigned against social discrimination against untouchables and Dalits. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar raised his voice against discrimination in society with workers, women and farmers. He supported the rights of workers and peasants and also got those rights.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a student of immense talent. Apart from being a social reformer, he was also an economist, political and jurist. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar received his doctorate in economics. He also did many research work in economics, political science and law. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was also a lawyer. He also advocated several political parties and social freedom. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar entered the first grade in 1900. Being a low caste, they had to suffer discrimination and slavery right from the beginning. He completed his early education from the Government High School at Rajwara Chowk from Satara. After his early education, Babasaheb Ambedkar moved to Mumbai. So he did his secondary education at Elphinstone Road Government High School in Mumbai. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar studied economics from Columbia University. He was a professor of economics in his professional life after graduation. He also practiced in the beginning. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar's life was spent on political activities and social-reform campaigns. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar started participating in campaigns and meetings for the independence of India. Many journalists were published by him. He advocated social freedom for Dalits and also gave them their rights.

He adopted Buddhism in 1956 against some orthodox policies prevalent in Hinduism. Despite his campaigns, the social reformist movement, untouchability (untouchability) continued among the people of Hinduism. Because of this, he felt that all his hard work and efforts had failed, due to which he embraced Buddhism. At the time of Bhimrao Ambedkar, his caste was considered untouchable. He belonged to a caste which people did not even drink water at that time. But today, people around the world remember him with great respect due to his constant efforts and auspicious thoughts. Dr. Ambedkar showed the people a new mirror. He contributed significantly in making India. The creator of the Indian Constitution is also Dr. Bhimrao is Ambedkar only. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar's birthday is celebrated worldwide on 14 April as Ambedkar Jayanti. 1990 Bhimrao Ambedkar was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was also the first Law and Justice Minister of independent India. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the father of the constitution of independent India and the creator of the Republic of India.

Early life of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born during the British rule. At that time India was under British rule. Doctor Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891. He was a great 19th century man. He was born in the cantonment of Mahu Nagar in the province of India (now Madhya Pradesh). His childhood name was Bhiva. He was born into a caste which was considered untouchable at that time. Due to this social discrimination and untouchability, Bhimrao had to bear discrimination. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar belonged to the Hindu Mahar caste, which was considered insignificant at that time. His father Ramji Sakpal got him admitted to government school Satara on 7 November 1900. In school, he wrote his son's name Bhiva Ramji Ambedkar. His father wrote Ambedkar instead of writing his original surname to Sakpal. The word Ambadvekar belonged to his Adambe village. Later, one of his Brahmin teachers Krishna Mahadev changed his surname from Ambedvekar to Ambedkar. Krishna Mahadev also loved Bhimrao ji very much. He has since been known as Ambedkar. He received his early education in his city. When he was 15 years old, he was married to a 9-year-old girl when Ambedkarji was studying in the fifth grade. Child marriage was also prevalent in India at that time and there were no restrictions.


Personal life of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar is known worldwide as a social reformer and the father of the Indian Constitution. He was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. He enrolled in the first class in 1900. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was rich in immense talent. He graduated in economics, politics and law. He had a doctorate in economics. He married twice in his life. He first married Ramabai at the age of 15 in 1906. He married secondly in 1948 with Dr Savita Ambedkar. His childhood name was Bhiva. They are also called Babasaheb Ambedkar. He worked on behalf of many political parties. He has been a member of the Scheduled Caste Federation, the Independent Labor Party and the Indian Republic Party. He received his B.A. from the University of Mumbai. Studied MA, Went to Columbia for a PhD and LLB degree. He received these degrees from Columbia University. After graduation, he practised as a lawyer. He has also been a professor and political. He has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna. He has been a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1952 to 1956. Dr Ambedkar has also been India's first Law and Justice Minister. He has also been a member of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constituent Assembly. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956.


Family of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

He was born in Mhow city of Madhya Pradesh state of India. It was here that he got his early education. Subsequently, his family moved to Mumbai in 1897. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar's father's name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal and mother's name was Bhimabai. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was the fourteenth child of Ramji Sakpal and Bhimabai. Ambedkar's family was a family of Kabir Panth. His family was of Marathi origin. Ambedkar's family lived in Ambadev village in Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra. Babaji Saheb Ambedkar's father Ramji Sakpal served in the Indian Army. His father rose to the rank of Subedar while working here. Bhimrao Ambedkar's ancestors were associated with the British East India Company for a long time. His family belonged to the 'Hindu Mahar' caste, which at that time was considered an untouchable caste.

Wife and children of Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

 Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar married twice in his life. She first married Ramabai Ambedkar in 1906. At that time, Bhimrao Ambedkar studied in the fifth grade. Ambedkar married 9-year-old Ramabai at the age of 15. His second marriage took place in 1948 with Doctor Savita Ambedkar. He remarried due to the demise of the first wife. His first wife Ramabai Ambedkar died in 1935. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar has only one son, who was born to his first wife Ramabai Ambedkar. His son's name is Yashwant.


Education of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar: -

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a student of immense talent. He received his early education at the Government High School in Satara city. The current name of this school is Pratap Singh High School. He enrolled in the first class of English on 7 November 1900. For this reason, 7 November is celebrated as Vidyarthi Divas in Maharashtra. Thus his academic life started from this day itself. When he passed the fourth grade it was celebrated as a public ceremony among the untouchables (Dalits). Because it was an unusual thing among the untouchables. On this occasion, his grandfather Keluskar gave him a biography of Buddha written by himself. Ambedkarji was influenced by Buddhism by reading this biography. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his secondary education at a government school on Elphinstone Road, Mumbai. In 1907, Ambedkar passed the matriculation examination. Subsequently, he entered college.

Graduate Education: -

After passing the matriculation examination in 1907, he took admission in the college the following year. He studied at Ellipiston College, which belonged to the University of Mumbai. In 1912, he obtained a BA degree in Economics and Political Science from the University of Mumbai. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the first person in his community to receive this level of education.

Postgraduate education:-

Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his postgraduate studies in America and London. He did his postgraduate studies twice.


Postgraduate from Columbia University: -

After completing his undergraduate studies in 1912, Ambedkar went to the United States in 1913, where he had the opportunity to pursue a postgraduate scholarship from Columbia University. He passed the examination in June 1915. Economics was his major in MA. He did his first research work on the subject of Asian Indian commerce. The second research work he did was on historical and literary studies for India's national dividend. He did his third research work for the development of provincial finance in British India. He received his PhD in economics. He also presented a research paper at a seminar by anthropologist Alexander Goldenweiser.

Postgraduate from London School of Economics: -

In 1916 Bhimrao Ambedkar moved to London and studied post-graduation at the London School of Economics. He attended a barrister course at the London School of Economics. Here he worked on his doctoral thesis. Thus he completed his D.Sc in Economics in 1923. (Doctor of Science). He earned his third doctoral degree LL.D. He received his doctorate from Columbia University in 1952 and Osmania in D. Litt. in 1953.

Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti: -

Babasaheb celebrates Ambedkar's birthday (14 April 1891) as Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti. Every year on 14 April, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all over the world.



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